1. 1. Usage
2. 2. Details

## 1.  Usage

The samples function is similar to genotype but it returns name of samples that contain the variant. When you use the function in command vtools output var_table samples(), this function will be evaluated for each variant in the variant table var_table. In its basic form,

samples()


returns a list of comma-separated names of samples that contain the variant, regardless the type of variant (homozygote etc).

This function returns all samples that contain the variant, so it will return samples without genotype info (no GT column, and samples with homozygote wildtype allele (genotype with GT=0) as long as the variant is included in the sample.

## 2.  Details

The samples function accepts an optional parameter with & separated KEY=VAL pairs. Supported KEY include

• sample_filter. A condition to select samples, using sample names of phenotype (e.g. aff=1). (c.f. command vtools show samples or vtools show phenotypes)
• geno_filter. Select samples by type of variant in the sample, using genotype type (GT) or genotype info fields (e.g. DP_geno). (c.f. command vtools show genotypes). For example, if you use condition GT=2, only samples with homozygote alternative alleles will be returned.
• delimiter. Delimiter to seprate sample names, default to ,. You can set it to \t to output tab separated lists.

For example, command

samples()
samples('sample_filter=aff=1')
samples('geno_filter=GT=1')


returns the

1. name of samples that contains the variant,
2. name of samples with phenotype aff=1 (cases) that contains the variant
3. name of samples that contains heterzygote genotype of the variant. You can use condition GT!=0 to output samples with only non-wildtype genotypes.

Examples: Use samples function to get samples that contain the variant ▸

 Continue to use the project from the previous example, let us see which samples that contain the variants % vtools admin --load_snapshot vt_simple % vtools admin --rename_samples "filename='V2.vcf'" SAMP2 % vtools admin --rename_samples "filename='V3.vcf'" SAMP3 % vtools output variant chr pos ref alt "samples()" -l 10  1 4540 G A SAMP1,SAMP3 1 5683 G T SAMP1 1 5966 T G SAMP1,SAMP2,SAMP3 1 6241 T C SAMP1,SAMP3 1 9992 C T SAMP1,SAMP3 1 9993 G A SAMP1,SAMP3 1 10007 G A SAMP1,SAMP2,SAMP3 1 10098 G A SAMP1 1 14775 G A SAMP1,SAMP3 1 16862 A G SAMP1,SAMP3  Just to show the results from genotype() and samples() match each other: % vtools output variant chr pos ref alt "genotype('SAMP1')" "genotype('SAMP2')" \ "genotype('SAMP3')" "samples()" -l 10  1 4540 G A 1 . 1 SAMP1,SAMP3 1 5683 G T 1 . . SAMP1 1 5966 T G 1 1 1 SAMP1,SAMP2,SAMP3 1 6241 T C 1 . 1 SAMP1,SAMP3 1 9992 C T 1 . 1 SAMP1,SAMP3 1 9993 G A 1 . 1 SAMP1,SAMP3 1 10007 G A 1 1 1 SAMP1,SAMP2,SAMP3 1 10098 G A 2 . . SAMP1 1 14775 G A 2 . 2 SAMP1,SAMP3 1 16862 A G 2 . 2 SAMP1,SAMP3  You can limit the samples to those with a particular type of genotype % vtools output variant chr pos ref alt "genotype('SAMP1')" "genotype('SAMP2')" \ "genotype('SAMP3')" "samples('geno_filter=GT=2')" -l 10  1 4540 G A 1 . 1 . 1 5683 G T 1 . . . 1 5966 T G 1 1 1 . 1 6241 T C 1 . 1 . 1 9992 C T 1 . 1 . 1 9993 G A 1 . 1 . 1 10007 G A 1 1 1 . 1 10098 G A 2 . . SAMP1 1 14775 G A 2 . 2 SAMP1,SAMP3 1 16862 A G 2 . 2 SAMP1,SAMP3 

Because this function needs to scan the whole genotype tables of samples for each variant, it is expected to be much slower than batch operations that process all genotypes. For example, it would be much faster to export genotypes in batch (e.g. using command vtools export to export variants and genotypes in csv or vcf formats) if you need to list genotypes of a large number of variants.